The Atomic Bomb
There is a German chat room on the Internet in which people interested in science discuss various topics. This week the discussion in that chat room has concerned the work of Albert Einstein.
Those of you who follow developments in physics know that some of Einstein's contributions, like all scientific advances, have been revised in the light of more recent findings in physics. This is not to say that Einstein was wrong any more than that Newton was wrong. These revisions indicate, on the contrary, that Einstein’s work was so important that it deserves constant scrutiny.
Included in the discussion in that German chat room, however, is criticism of Einstein which seems to have more to do with Einstein having been Jewish then with his physics. This is well recognized by several of those who engage in discussions in that chat room.
Attacks on Einstein and his work began almost as soon as he published his theory of relativity in 1905. As I wrote on March 8, 2001, Einstein was vehemently attacked in the fall of 1923 when professor Phillip Lenard, then president of the German physics society, used the occasion of the annual meeting of that group to label relativity "a Jewish fraud.……….. since its originator Einstein was a Jew."
Lenard, a native of Bratislava, Slovakia, had won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1905 for his work in x-rays and other scientific developments. He could hardly be taken lightly any more than his colleague Johannes Stark. Ten years before Hitler became dictator, Lenard and Stark founded what they called German physics. According to them, theoretical physics were all Jewish and were therefore not suited to be taught in German universities.
These crazy ideas, based entirely on hatred and prejudice, became official policy in Germany on the ascension of the Nazi government. Together with the mass emigration of Jewish physicist from all of Europe, these Nazi beliefs were to have profound consequences.
By the mid-1930s numerous Jewish physicists had come to the United States. In addition to Einstein these were Theodore Karman, John Neumann, Eugene Wigner, Leo Szilard, Hans Bethe, Edward Teller and the only Jewish woman physicist, Lise Meitner. In addition the not Jewish famous Italian Catholic physicist Enrico Fermi also fled to the United States after Mussolini introduced the Nazi racial laws into Italy. Fermi had a Jewish wife.
In October of 1939 some of these physicists persuaded Einstein to write a letter to the then President Franklin Roosevelt which warned him that the Germans were repeating American work on uranium and that therefore it was entirely possible for the Germans to develop an atomic bomb. Although the United States had not entered the Second World War at that time, Roosevelt recognized the importance of these developments.
Then, in the spring of 1942, after the United States had entered the Second World War, Enrico Fermi and his colleagues developed an experimental pile at the University of Chicago demonstrating the feasibility of a controllable chain reaction.
Even as these experiments proceeded, Hitler and his scientific adviser Albert Speer discussed the possibility of building a German atomic bomb. Such discussions were also underway in Japan. Under the direction of Takeo Yasuda and Tatsosaburo Suzuki, the Japanese concluded that they had sufficient uranium in Korea and Burma to make an atomic bomb. These Japanese scientists had studied with several of the Jewish refugee physicists already mentioned.
In the United States the project to build an atomic bomb was placed into the hands of Robert Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer was a Jewish American who had made a name for himself in physics in this country. Oppenheimer decided to establish a laboratory to work on a bomb design on the grounds of an abandoned boys' school located in a mesa 35 miles northwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico called Los Alamos. Oppenheimer recruited numerous of the European- Jewish physicists to come to that remote site.
It was not until the 16th of July 1945, after Germany had already surrendered, that an implosion bomb using plutonium was installed in a tower and detonated at Los Alamos. That detonation was almost entirely the work of Jews driven from their homelands by bigotry.
Japan stayed in the Second World War even after Germany had surrendered. Fighting Americans island by island, the Japanese were determined to inflict huge casualties on our soldiers, marines and sailors as they had done at Iwo Jima, Saipan, Okinawa and other Pacific battlegrounds in which our losses were indeed terrible. There was no question that the Japanese would defend the home islands at the cost of thousands of American lives. It has been estimated that we would have lost 300,000 to 1 million dead if we had had to invade Japan. Compare this to the 200,000 dead lost in defeating Hitler. Therefore President Harry Truman ordered the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, thereby bringing the Second World War to a close.
The lesson learned is once more what the Torah tells us in Genesis 12:3.
(Go ahead-take a look. Opening the Torah doesn’t hurt).Shalom u'vracha.