Freud & Others
The Jewish Contribution to Psychology
influence of Jews on the development of psychology has been as immense as the
Jewish contribution to medicine, if not more so.
Münsterberg (1863-1916) set up the first laboratory for experimental psychology
at Harvard University in 1909 and thereafter wrote numerous books leading to
Myers (1873-1946) was largely responsible for the development of industrial
psychology in England and later in America.
Wertheimer (1880-1943) developed Gestalt
psychology at the Frankfurt
school in Germany and later at “The University in Exile” at the New School
for Social Research in New York.
G. Seligman (1873-1940) was a
physician and anthropologist who adopted psychoanalytic methods to an
understanding of primitive dream analysis. His work greatly influenced the major
achievements of the British anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski.
Lewin (1890-1947) was a German born immigrant to the United States. A veteran of
the German army in he First World War, he was hounded out of his native land by
the Christian population and therefore taught at several American universities.
He is regarded as the father of social psychology and a contributor to Gestalt
Breuer(1842-1925) was a collaborator of Sigmund Freud. He contributed to the
study of catharsis and psychoanalysis.
Freud (1856-1939) was the founder of psychoanalysis and is undoubtedly one of
the “greats” amid famous men in this world. It has been said that the modern
world rests on Marx, Freud, and Einstein. Freud taught that there are various
levels of the mind which can be explored to the advantage of the patients of
Adler (1870-1937) was an Austrian physician who pioneered “individual
psychology” to the effect that each person must be investigated separately. He
therefore contributed a good deal to Gestalt psychology.
Rank (1884-1939) changed his name from Rosenfeld to Rank. He was Sigmund
Freud’s closest collaborator for many years. However he began to question the
so-called Oedipus complex and thereby antagonized Freud until there was a final
rupture in their relationship.
Reik (1888-1969) was responsible for allowing non-medical therapists to practice
psychology in the United States. He wrote extensively on various aspects of sado
masochism and other behaviors.
is a partial list of the founders of psychology, who were almost entirely
Jewish. Much more can be found in the literature showing that the practice of
psychology has garnered far greater achievements than can be shown here.